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A stronger role of the private sector, focus on women economic empowerment and call for more involvement of farmers at the CAADP Partnership Platform 2015

Jul 14, 2015
The 11th CAADP Partnership Platform (PP)
took place in Johannesburg, South Africa from 25th to 26th of March. This year's theme was "Walking the Talk: Delivering on Malabo Commitments on Agriculture for Women Empowerment and Development", in alignment with the 2015 African Union (AU) theme on women's empowerment and development. Since this partnership meeting immediately followed the Malabo Declaration, the gathering presented an opportunity for participants to re-examine the commitments made by African Head of States in Malabo in regards to the agricultural growth and transformation agenda. In light of AU's theme for 2015 on Women Empowerment and Development, the meeting sought ways to translate the Malabo commitments into concrete actions that would result in equal access to resources and opportunities for women. It is in this context that the NEPAD Agency launched the Programme "Women in Agribusiness" to support the economic growth and empowerment of African women. Lessons learned during the first decade of the CAADP implementation fed the reflections that led to the CAADP Results Framework. This Results Framework document, along with the Malabo Declaration, will be translated into action through the Implementation Strategy and Roadmap and the Programme of Work, documents which were drafted prior to the Platform meeting. Although the Malabo Declaration reemphasizes the need for public investment (at least 10% of national budget to agriculture), there have been urgent calls throughout the proceedings to find ways to increase funding from the private sector. The private sector funding will not only leverage existing public investments, but it will also fill the important financing gap necessary to meet the needs of investments expected to boost the agriculture sector. Moreover, implementation of the Malabo Declaration has to go beyond planning and investments to emphasize reforms in economic policies and institutional capabilities through the creation of an economic environment that fosters innovation. To support an increasingly strong private sector in Africa, all economic policy actions should put greater emphasis on farmers and entrepreneurs who are at the centre of all these reforms. The CAADP highlighted some challenges that could affect the implementation of the Malabo Declaration. These challenges revolve around the need for more coordination and harmonization among stakeholders involved in the CAADP process. Stakeholders should particularly take the advantage of favourable economic policies and increased dynamism of the private sectors to re-mobilize various actors and partners towards financing agriculture. In addressing the challenges of the implementation of the Malabo Declarations, specific economic policies should be designed to accelerate the contribution and inclusion of women who are by far the largest providers in the agricultural production segment in Africa. Key recommendations for CAADP implementation were given along the following five areas.
  1. Ending hunger and malnutrition in Africa by 2025: participants at the PP called for investments in more nutritious food and the need to increase dedicated financial resources to promote nutrition activities. In order to address nutrition issues, participants reckoned it is important to diversify food intake beyond known staples and cereals, and promote the use of micronutrients balanced fertilizers. Participants also felt strongly about the need to draft a nutrition advocacy document to complement the CAADP Results Framework and Programme of Work.
  2. Inclusive agricultural growth and transformation: Policies and regulations should favour access to land and credit, as a way to encourage young people and women in agriculture. Policies should also be conducive to the development of innovative financing mechanisms such as warehouse receipt systems and allow "smart subsidies" to increase access to inputs. Participants recommended the need for an inclusive value chain approach with strong farmer organizations. Such complete value chain would lead to sustainable contractual arrangements.
  3. Boosting intra-African trade: regional trade integration, fast-tracking of the continental free trade agreement, harmonization and enforcement of non-tariff measures are some of the most important actions that need to be taken to boost intra-African trade. Value chain actors should be trained on business and trade in order to be able to comfortably engage in global trade issues.
  4. Building resilience and reducing vulnerability to risks: Climate change adaptation and risk mitigation strategies should be mainstreamed in investment plans. There is also a call to develop a continental framework on integrated risk management in agriculture. Sound economic policies should create incentives for investments that result in an enabling and more predictable market environment.
  5. Mutual accountability: the CAADP Results Framework is the mechanism that countries will use to measure results. However, quality data should feed the process of measurement. To facilitate the biennial review process countries have to undergo, it is important to prioritize and focus on a set of core and easily measurable indicators of agricultural growth and development.
The CAADP has once again demonstrated the need for a multi-sectorial approach based on a strong political commitment supported by the allocation of adequate resources for implementation.

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