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Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

est. 25 November 1996


The Assembly of Heads of State and Government established the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), in Eastern Africa, in 1996 to supersede the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD), which was founded in 1986. The recurring and severe droughts and other natural disasters between 1974 and 1984 caused widespread famine, ecological degradation and economic hardship in the Eastern Africa region.

IGAD’s mission is to assist and complement the efforts of the Member States to achieve, through increased cooperation; food security and environmental protection, promotion and maintenance of peace, security and humanitarian affairs, and economic cooperation and integration. 


  • Promote joint development strategies and gradually harmonize macro-economic policies and programmes in the social, technological and scientific fields.
  • Harmonize policies with regard to trade, customs, transport, communications, agriculture, and natural resources, and promote free movement of goods, services, and people within the region
  • Create an enabling environment for foreign, cross-border and domestic trade and investment
  • Initiate and promote programmes and projects to achieve regional food security and assist efforts of Member States to collectively combat drought and other natural and man-made disasters and their natural consequences
  • Develop and improve a coordinated and complementary infrastructure, in the areas of transport, telecommunications and energy in the region
  • Promote and realize the objectives of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the African Economic Community